Defining Reflective Practice

Defining Reflective Practice

Defining Reflective Practice

Scholarship of Teaching and Reflective Practice

Here are three definitions of reflective practice:

Definition 1:

"In reflective practice, practitioners engage in a continuous cycle of self-observation and self-evaluation in order to understand their own actions and the reactions they prompt in themselves and in learners (Brookfield, 1995; Thiel, 1999). The goal is not necessarily to address a specific problem or question defined at the outset, as in practitioner research, but to observe and refine practice in general on an ongoing basis."
(Cunningham 2001).

Definition 2:

"Reflective practice…involves thinking about and critically analyzing one's actions with the goal of improving one's professional practice. Engaging in reflective practice requires individuals to assume the perspective of an external observer in order to identify the assumptions and feelings underlying their practice and then to speculate about how these assumptions and feelings affect practice."
(Imel 1992).

Definition 3:

"...critical reflection entails a challenge to the hidden assumptions of both the reflector and those of the surrounding social context. Critical reflection goes beyond mere reflection, which could be simply a review of actions in the light of accepted precepts, in that it requires the reflector to “deconstruct long-held habits of behaviour by looking beyond the behaviour itself to their own self-image and examining why they do what they do".
(Silverman & Casazza 2000: 239).

Exercise 1

1. Complete the following sentence,
"I prefer the 1st/2nd/3rd definition because..."


2. Give your own definition of reflective practice


3. Complete the sentence,
"For me, the most important feature of reflective practice is..."

Submit your answers

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